Biodiversity in the agricultural landscape has been declining for years. This has been documented in numerous studies for various groups, such as insects and birds.
Forests are among the most complex and at the same time also the most species-rich ecosystems on earth. They are therefore of enormous importance for the preservation of biodiversity.
Inland waters and floodplains are often rich in species and include streams, rivers and lakes as well as estuaries, small bodies of water, fens and groundwater.
Coasts and coastal waters are characterized by constant change and numerous uses. This can have an impact on their biodiversity.
With increasing urbanization worldwide, urban areas face major challenges and play a global role in biodiversity.