Development of a Sustainable Food Law (NLG) as an analogy to the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) of the energy industry
The aim of the project is to develop an application for phase 2 within the framework of the directive published on 27 May 2019 for the funding of projects on policy instruments and approaches, as well as governance structures for the conservation, safeguarding and promotion of biodiversity. The aim of the overall project is to support the transformation in agriculture so that it is better suited to the conservation of biodiversity. To this end, a policy instrument capable of initiating the agricultural transition is to be developed with the support of agricultural representatives and civil society actors. With the introduction of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), the energy industry has taken a major step towards sustainable electricity production. The basic idea is to pay a fixed “feed-in remuneration” for sustainably produced food, similar to the Renewable Energy Sources Act, and to distribute the cost difference between market prices and fixed prices to all products in the form of a levy. The instrument bears the working title “Sustainable Food Act”. Such a law could become a central pillar for a transformation process in agriculture. This thesis will be examined in detail as part of the research project presented here. At the end, the necessary implementation steps for putting such an instrument into practice will be identified. The following research questions will be addressed in phase 1:
- How can fair and socially acceptable financing of biodiversity services be designed and implemented?
- Can experiences and instruments from the transformation of the energy sector be transferred to the agricultural sector?