Faktencheck Artenvielfalt

Forest


Forests are among the most complex and at the same time also the most species-rich ecosystems on earth. Therefore, they are a key element for biodiversity conservation. Forests provide many ecosystem services – like wood as the natural purification of air and water as well as the provision of recreational areas. Preserving biodiversity is an important prerequisite for protecting these diverse forest ecosystem services. As Germany is one of the most densely forested countries in Europe, with 32% of its land area covered by forests, it is particularly important to understand how we can sustainably manage them.

Forest use has a long tradition in Germany. However, in the last two millennia, forests have been widely replaced by agricultural land and urban areas. Further, in the last centuries, the introduction of modern forest management led to an additional decline of many specialized species, which now often occur only in relict populations or are already extinct and recent studies indicate that there is also a current decline in forest species1. Studies on diversity and data from “forest inventories” demonstrate the high importance of, for example, tree species richness for key ecosystem services such as timber production, forest habitat diversity, and resilience against climate change2. Biodiversity is the basis for the provision of these ecosystem services, but can only be maintained by ecologically sustainable forest use.

Given the diverse demands on forests in Germany and the various opportunities and risks of different management strategies – from intensive forestry to largely untreated total reserves – it is important to be able to make evidence-based decisions. Therefore, the chapter group “Forest” of the project Faktencheck Artenvielfalt will compile the most important local, national and European knowledge on biodiversity loss in forests and its consequences.

References

1Seibold, S. et al. Arthropod decline in grasslands and forests is associated with landscape-level drivers. Nature 574, 671–674 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1684-3 

2van der Plas, F et al.Towards the development of general rules describing landscape heterogeneity–multifunctionality relationships. J. Appl. Ecol. 56, 168– 179 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13260 

Team

Prof. Dr. Jörg Müller
Coordinating Lead Author

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Professur für Tierökologie am Lehrstuhl für Zoologie III -Tierökologie und Tropenbiologie
Am Hubland
97074 Würzburg 

Ökologische Station Fabrikschleichach
Glashüttenstraße 5
96181 Rauhenebrach

Prof. Dr. Carola Paul
Coordinating Lead Author

Georg-August Universität Göttingen
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie
Abteilung Forstökonomie und nachhaltige Landnutzungsplanung
Büsgenweg 2
37077 Göttingen

Dipl. FW Ulrich Mergner
Coordinating Lead Author
Jana Englmeier
Project Scientist

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Professur für Tierökologie am Lehrstuhl für Zoologie III -Tierökologie und Tropenbiologie
Am Hubland
97074 Würzburg 

Ökologische Station Fabrikschleichach
Glashüttenstraße 5
96181 Rauhenebrach

Prof. Dr. Christian Ammer
Lead Author

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Abt. Waldbau und Waldökologie der gemäßigten Zonen &
Zentrum für Biodiversität und nachhaltige Landnutzung
Büsgenweg 1
37077 Göttingen

PD Dr. Veronika Braunisch
Lead Author

Forstliche Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt Baden- Württemberg
Abteilung Waldnaturschutz
Wonnhaldestraße 4
79100 Freiburg

Prof. Dr. Stefan Brunzel
Lead Author

Fachhochschule Erfurt
Fakultät Landschaftsarchitektur, Gartenbau und Forst
Fachgebiet Biologische Vielfalt und Artenschutz
Leipziger Straße 77
99085 Erfurt 

Prof. Dr. Martin Gossner
Lead Author

Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft (WSL)
Zürcherstrasse 111 
8903 Birmensdorf (Schweiz)

Dr. Anke Höltermann
Lead Author

Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN)
FG I 2.5 Waldnaturschutz und nachhaltige Waldbewirtschaftung
Konstantinstraße 110
53179 Bonn

Prof. Dr. Daniela Kleinschmit
Lead Author

Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Professur für Forst- und Umweltpolitik
Tennenbacherstraße 4
79106 Freiburg

Karl-Heinz Lieber
Lead Author

Ministerium für Umwelt, Klima und Energiewirtschaft Baden-Württemberg
Abteilung Naturschutz
Kernerplatz 9
70182 Stuttgart

Dr. Peter Meyer
Lead Author

Nordwestdeutsche Forstliche Versuchsanstalt (NW-FVA)
Abteilung Waldnaturschutz
Grätzelstraße 2
37079 Göttingen

Prof. Dr. Goddert von Oheimb
Lead Author

Technische Universität Dresden
Professur für Biodiversität und Naturschutz
Pienner Str. 7
01737 Tharandt

Dr. Wibke Peters
Lead Author

Bayerische Landesanstalt für Wald und Forstwirtschaft (LWF)
Abteilung Biodiversität, Naturschutz und Jagd
Hans Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz
85354 Freising

Dr. Tanja Sanders
Lead Author

Thünen Institut für Waldökosysteme
Alfred-Möller-Straße 1
16225 Eberswalde

Prof. Dr. Andreas Schuldt
Lead Author

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Abteilung Waldnaturschutz
Büsgenweg 1
37077 Göttingen